Presbyopia Causes, Symptoms and Treatments in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Presbyopia is a refractive error that makes it arduous for middle-aged and older people to see things that are close.

It occurs because the lens (an inner part of the eye that helps the eye focus) stops focusing light accurately on the retina (a light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye).

What is Presbyopia?

presbyopia-treatment addis ababaPresbyopia is the incremental mislaying of your eyes’ ability to focus on near objects. It’s a natural, it’s usually the annoying part of growing older. Presbyopia usually becomes conspicuous in your early to mid-40s and continues to get serve up until the age 65.

Presbyopia is physiological insufficiency of compliance correlated with the aging of the eye that results in gradationally worsening ability of the eye to focus clearly on close up objects. It is known as age-related farsightedness.

What are the symptoms of Presbyopia?

The symptoms of presbyopia typically include an eventual deterioration in the ability of your eyes to read or do work up close.

Some of the symptoms of presbyopia are:

  • Facing trouble while seeing things up close
  • Having to hold reading materials farther away to be able to see clearly
  • Feeling of Eye strain (when your eyes feel tired or sore)
  • Getting a Headache
  • Hazy sight at normal reading distance
  • Felling of eyestrain or headaches after reading or performing a close task
  • Facing difficulty while reading small print
  • The need of brighter lighting while reading or doing close work
  • General problems while trying to see and focusing on objects that are close to you
  • Squinting your eyes while trying to see somethin


You may notice these symptoms are worsening if you are feeling tired or are you are in an area with dim lighting.

Cause of Presbyopia

Presbyopia is caused by a hardening of the lens found in your eye, which befalls because of aging. Your lens loses flexibility and begins to stiffen as you grow older.

As an outcome, your lens becomes ineffectual at changing the shape and constricting in order to focus on close images.

With this hardening of your lens, your eye gradually loses its ability to focus light directly onto your retina

Presbyopia treatment options at Addis Ababa Eye Clinic

No known cure exists for presbyopia yet. However, there are several treatment methods available to aid in bettering your vision.

Some ways that could be used to help your vision get better are:

  • Contact lenses and glasses: Prescription reading glasses can be used if you have no eye problems other than presbyopia and prefer not to purchase your glasses off the shelf.
  • Bifocals
  • Progressive lenses
  • Trifocals
  • Bifocal contact lenses
  • Mono vision
  • Modified mono vision contact lenses
  • Surgery: There are a variety of surgical alternatives that can be used to treat presbyopia. For example:
  • Conductive keratoplasty (CK): involves using radiofrequency energy to change the curvature of your cornea.
  • Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK): can be used to create mono vision.
  • Refractive lens exchange: it involves the removal of your natural lens. It’s substituted with a synthetic lens, called an intraocular lens implant, inserted in to your eye.


Presbyopia is the incremental mislaying of your eyes’ ability to focus on near objects.

It’s a natural, it’s usually the annoying part of growing older. It occurs because the lens stops focusing light accurately on the retina.

Note that it is important to visit an ophthalmologist if you have any symptoms as: an eye pain, itching, or discomfort as it could be a sign to a serious condition.

It is also medically recommended for people to visit an eye clinic for a cheek up to look out for serious issues earlier as it can be treated better in its earliest stages.

Looking for a treatment for hyperopia? Visit Addis Ababa Eye Clinic today to get treated today. 

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